Age of Complexity
For many centuries leadership approaches have relied on the fundamental assumption of organisational theory that a certain level of predictability and order exists in the world. In recent times as organisations had become more and more complex, Researcher and consultant David J Snowden
in 2007 developed the 'Cynefin Framework
' (Snowden, 2007) which allows executives to see things from new viewpoints, assimilate complex concepts, and address real-world problems and opportunities.
The framework sorts the issues facing leaders into five contexts defined by the nature of the relationship between cause and effect.
Four of these – simple, complicated, complex, and chaotic
– require leaders to diagnose situations and to act in contextually appropriate ways. The fifth – disorder
– applies when it is unclear which of the other four contexts is predominant (Snowden, 2007).